Material science is an interdisciplinary field which uses analytical thinking from chemistry, physics, and engineering. Material science studies the property of various materials under different physical conditions and synthesizes new materials with a combination of different elements.
Does your mobile phone use gorilla glass to protect your phone from damage? Does it use the battery which lasts for many hours? Have you ever wondered how these industries manage to do this? The beautiful things around us, the greater innovation that is taking place owes a more significant deal to the material science.
Material Science: An Interdisciplinary Field
Material science has evolved our view about many things. There are many materials which can sustain extreme heat; some are crack resistant, some are water and dust proof and many more to add into the list. These properties are useful in many products. Nanotechnology and Biomaterials are adding a whole new dimension.
Materials have influenced humans for such a considerable period. The name of a different era is also given according to the choice of material used such as stone age, Bronze age, etc. The material such as rubber, the semiconductor has genuinely influenced the technology to a greater extent. It won’t be an exaggeration if we say, advancement in computer technology were not possible without the development of semiconductor.
Materials can be broadly classified as crystalline and amorphous. Crystalline materials contain a long-range ordered system of atoms or molecules, which are building blocks of the materials. Also, the amorphous material does not have ordered system. New advanced materials like nanomaterials and bio-materials are also added to the list.
Some Materials To Study Under Material Science
Semi-conductors set the foundation for the modern world. Earlier computers were used only for the computations such as addition, subtraction etc. Those computers would have consumed entire room of yours. Now you can carry these devices wherever you go, along with the ability to perform many other tasks. The credit of this revolution goes to the invention of semiconductors which lead to the discovery of Transistors.
Heusler has magnetic shape memory. In simple language, it remembers the shape. The materials are trained to obtain a particular shape at a particular temperature. Heusler got its name from a German chemist and mining engineer Friedrich Heusler, who studied such compound in 1903. That compound contained two parts of copper, one part of manganese and one part of tin, that is Cu2MnSn. Manganese is a crucial part of these materials, without manganese Heusler cannot be formed. This material has many applications such as in the medical field.
Nanomaterials are materials with a unit size between 1 and 100 nanometers (10-9). Nanomaterials are used in a variety of manufacturing industries from health care to the automobile sector. The applications include paint, clothing, filters, insulations, lubricant actives and many more. Nanomaterials are becoming commercialized having the potential to transform the industry.
Liquid crystals might sound unfamiliar to you but LCD won’t. LED uses liquid crystals, which replaced bulky and big cathode ray tubes on the TV, Which gave it a compact size, higher resolution to the TV screen.
Materials are overpowering technology. The pace of growing technology is mostly dependent on the development of materials. The need for better materials which can be used to make more efficient batteries, which can reduce the weight of our devices, which can bear more stress and perform many other tasks, is growing fast. The space grade material is another need of the hour. Material Science is playing a much important role in the development of today’s technology.