Phobias-Anxiety Disorders | Types Of Phobia | Psychology | ScienceMonk

By- Bhumika Shanbhag,
B.A Psychology

Phobias fall under the category of Anxiety Disorders. If by any chance one comes face-to-face with one’s phobias then it can lead to a panic attack, uneasiness, anxiety, and sweating.

“I have learned over the years that when one’s mind is made up, this diminishes the fear; knowing what must be done does away with fear.” —Rosa Parks

What are Phobias?

We all have some kind of fear inside us, like fear of animals, heights, water or closed places. Such fears are common in most of the people. But when this fear interferes with our day-to-day activities or becomes the reason of acute discomfort psychologically, socially and physiologically then it is known as Phobia.

 

Phobias

Phobias fall under the category of Anxiety Disorders. Phobias are a groundless form of fear that can undoubtedly cause any threat. People suffering from phobias stay away from situations, places or object that trigger their fears.


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Let us have a look at some of the unrealistically weird phobias.

  • Hylophobia: Fear of wood, forest or trees. In this type of phobia, people are terrified of wooden objects, trees, and forest. This fear makes a person extremely uneasy about traveling at night through the forest or getting surrounded by trees.
  • Agateophobia: Fear of insanity. It is characterized by relentless, inordinate and freakish hysteria. People isolate themselves publicly and personally. This condition is the result of damage to one’s psyche and sentiments. Such people are either fully mentally unstable or on the verge of going mad. They are in the constant fear of going crazy or nuts for the whole life.Phobias
  • Albuminurophobia: Fear of kidney disease. These people feel that there is something wrong with their kidney and repeatedly undergo a urine test to check for any infection. A slight dysfunction in urine pattern or body ailments makes them very tensed.Phobias
  • Nebulaphobia: Fear of fog. Such people lock themselves up during a foggy day as they fear of suffering from some severe life hazard. A minor change in the weather, cloudy day or foggy climate can make them worried about the core.Phobias
  • Sidonglobophobia: Fear of cotton balls. A person suffering from this phobia can ruin one’s daily activity and might behave very irrational if they come in contact with cotton balls. This may sound very funny, but a person who is afraid of cotton balls alone knows how disturbing it can be.Phobias
  • Chorophobia: Fear of dancing. Every individual is a little bit reluctant when it comes to letting oneself free at public gatherings. But people having chorophobia behave extremely abnormal at the word ‘dance’. The fear is so powerful and profound which pulls them back from partying, functions or any place concerned with dance. They neither bear to see other people dancing, nor they are keen on getting involved in dance.Phobias
  • Erythrophobia: Fear of colour red. The colour Red signifies threat and terror. It is also a sign of blood which is awful and horrifying. Red also symbolizes insecurity, outrage, hatred, anxiety, and grudge. People having a fear of colour red will distance themselves from red things, and it can also refrain them from getting involved in sexual activities.Phobias
  • Cibophobia: Fear of food. The word “Food” itself gives us the signal like a dog gets in Pavlov’s Classical Conditioning theory. We relish a variety of foodstuffs happily, but people are having Cibophobia are scared of food. They dread at the mere sight of eatables. They avoid places like the kitchen, restaurants, food stalls and anywhere near food.Phobia
  • Ombrophobia: Fear of rains. Rainfall brings joy to kids as well as adults and much awaited season for many. But for people suffering from fear of rains is a matter of stress and anxiety. They fear every element that rain brings with it like thundering, lightning or even moderate rainfall. As rain also promotes unpleasant growth of germs, floods, life hazard and destruction which add ons to their fear.
  • Mysophobia: Fear of germs. Mysophobia is also linked with fear of bacteria, virus, microorganisms, and pollution. A person diagnosed with fear of germs obsessively washes their hands to be germ-free. The sight of worms, impurity, and sickness makes them very nervous. So they are adversely cleanliness freaks and take extra care of sanitization. The dirty and miserable environment are highly avoided by them.Phobia
  • Optophobia: Fear of opening one’s eyes. A horror movie, dust particle or an unpleasant sight makes us very afraid to open our eyes. But after some time we open it. A person suffering from optophobia might be terrified to open their eyes, cautiously open them or dread someone opening their eyes or even blinking.Phobias
  • Siderophobia: Fear of stars. This fear is accompanied by fear of celestial bodies, planets, universal happenings, the constellation of stars, falling star, comets, and space. This fear stops an individual from looking up at the sky at night, avoid a romantic night out or even roaming at night.Phobia
  • Koinoniphobia: Fear of rooms full of people. This phobia can also be called as social anxiety characterized by the fear of congested places, public places or crowded locations. Such people avoid going in elevators, small rooms, parties, meetings and are inferior at socializing.Phobias
  • Hippopotomonstrosesquippedaliophobia: Fear of long words. This type of phobia is always the reason for a joke and appear very unusual to most of the people. But the truth is such kind of phobia is psychologically true and exists in reality. People suffering from this phobia are scared of long words as the name aptly indicates. They avoid reading or listening to long words and if they do the result may become unbearable and terrifying.Phobias
  • Gynophobia: Fear of women. Gynophobia is associated with persistent shyness around women, being embarrassed by them or hurting one’s ego by a woman. This phenomenon can be present in males as well as females. Such people refrain from thinking about women, having contact or intimacy with them or sight of a woman. These people maintain a considerable distance from a woman to avoid stress and tension.Phobia
  • Cryophobia: Fear of ice or cold. People suffering from this phobia are scared of getting cold, freezing temperatures, frost, cool climate, winter season, cold winds and chilled holidays. They are obsessed with heat, warmth, hot beverages and foodstuffs. PhobiaThey take the necessary precaution to avoid getting affected by the cold. Ice cubes, ice cream, deep freezer, and snow can be a cause of panic too.

There are many other phobias which will be covered in the next section of this article.


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