Water Pollution-Marine-life Crisis | 270k tons plastic floating in the Oceans

Water Pollution is one of the biggest challenges today. A huge amount of poly bags and other plastic products are dumped into the oceans every year. Even after knowing the fact that the product is degrading the water, air, and land quality constantly, we use it without any hesitation. There is a cycle which we need to break. The manufacturers are producing these plastic products because there is a demand for them.

The first man-made plastic was created by Alexander Parkes. He created the first-ever plastic and demonstrated it publicly at the 1862 Great International Exhibition in London. Unfortunately, its greatest feature is becoming the worst part of our ecosystem, i.e. its durability. Plastic is a synthetic polymer widely used for consumer and industrial purposes.

Water Pollution

Most of the plastics have a relatively low density which gives an advantage of lightweight packaging for products. Plastics are corrosion resistant to many substances which makes it more durable and comfortable for many situations.

But there is always a negative side too. plastics are one of the major problems in today’s world. its durability is one of the biggest enemies of our environment. Plastics are polluting and deteriorating the oceans and animals living inside the ocean.

Tonnes of plastics bottles poly bags are floating in the ocean and ultimately causing water pollution. Most of us are busy with our daily problems, and we don’t have time to think of the environment where we live. But this is irresponsible behavior. These lines might be harsh to many of us, but we need to be aware of it as soon as possible.

Water Pollution
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One of  the Severe Consequences of Water pollution:

Here is a situation that will make all of us feel in a helpless situation. Ever imagined a belt around your waist all the time for around 19 years, irrespective of day or night. The thought itself is suffocating. right!

A turtle got stuck in a plastic ring in its tender age and lived with it all this while. And the credit of its suffering comes to our garbage volume account. There are tonnes of garbage which we are throwing in the oceans and other water bodies.

Plastic items take up to 1000 years to decompose in landfills. But plastic bags we use in our everyday life takes 100 to 1000 years to decompose, while plastic bottles can take 450 years or even more to decompose. this is the reason this plastic belt which apparently trapped this turtle for a really long period. 

While studying flora and fauna of the Pacific Ocean, the World Society for Protection of Animals, researchers encountered this unusual creature. They found a sea turtle whose shell looks similar to the shape of a farfalle, pinched at its center, making it look uncommon in form.

The researchers came to the conclusion that the turtle accidentally got trapped in the plastic ring from the floating garbage and couldn’t free itself. With time, the turtle started growing in size, and the ring remained unchanged.

The body of the turtle began to adapt to the ring. There were changes inside the body of the turtle, the hoop started to tighten the digestive system and the organs re-arranged themselves so that the turtle can survive, thus undergoing transmutation.

It surfed in the waters for 19 long years with the squeezing plastic around its abdomen. The researchers captured, examined removed the ring, and released the turtle in the water. Though its body is free from the plastic ring, the body structure and the lifestyle of the turtle remains the same.

It is estimated that around 270,000 tons of plastic are floating on the surface of the ocean and according to a recent study authored by researchers at Plymouth University, a staggering 700 different marine species are threatened by its presence.

Over 1 million marine animals are killed each year due to plastic debris in the ocean. More than this, researchers believe that plastic plays a role in rising rates of species extinction. The poor animal is not aware that it’s not his birth disability but the disability of mankind to spare the animal life from his avaricious.

This is not the only thing, but there are thousands of terrible events where the aquatic life is at stake because of the garbage we produce.

The great Pacific garbage patch is a clear example of our ease of living which is made on the death bed of innocent aquatic life. By polluting our environment, we not only destroying marine life but also the possibility of human existence on earth for a long time.

Here are a few suggestions which may reduce increasing pollution in the  Oceans

There are various ways that may reduce the extent of plastic and polythene usage. The following are the ways which may help us reduce the usage of plastic products in our day to day life and help reducing water pollution.

  • Avoid using Single-use plastics, or disposable plastics, which are used only once before they are thrown away. Plastic bags, straws, coffee stirrers, soda, and water bottles and most food packaging are some of the examples.
  • Carry your own shopping bag while traveling.
  • Switch to cloth from disposable diapers.
  • Shop in bulk to avoid different poly bags every time you go to buy something new.

Let’s reduce the usage of plastic which eventually saves time, energy, money, and most importantly, a life!

By-Vaghna Akkaraboina

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